Hypertension is high blood pressure that occurs due to many reasons. The blood pressure above 130/80 mm Hg is defined as hypertension. There are many criteria, especially for these reasons, to classify the types of hypertension. Genetic predisposition and excessive salt consumption are among the most common causes of hypertension. However the cause of high blood pressure is not clear in 90% of patients.
The term “silent enemy” is a frequently used term for hypertension. The reason is that hypertension can damage the kidney, brain, heart pump and vascular system without any symptoms for years. For this reason, you should have your blood pressure measured at regular intervals. Your blood pressure is regularly measured by our staff to see the progress of the treatments you receive as long as you stay in our centers.
Primary and Secondary Hypertension
One of the first steps applied in our centers for the treatment of hypertension is to determine your hypertension type. We know very well that understanding the type and causes of hypertension is very important in deciding how to start and continue treatment. The type of hypertension is understood after the diagnostic steps.
There are basically two types of hypertension; Primary (essential) hypertension and Secondary hypertension.
Primary (Essential) Hypertension: High blood pressure has no identifiable cause for most adults. This type of high blood pressure develops gradually over the years. Essential hypertension accounts for 90-95% of all hypertension cases. It is the most common form of hypertension. It has been identified that there are numerous common genes that have minor effects on blood pressure as well as some rare genes that greatly affect blood pressure; however, the genetic basis of hypertension is still not well-understood.
Remember that hypertension occurs as a result of the complex interaction of genes and environmental factors. We treat you in the best way by keeping you away from the factors that may cause hypertension in our centers. Besides environmental factors, eating habits are also closely related to hypertension. For example, reducing dietary salt intake, increasing the consumption of fruits and low-fat products are among the lifestyle factors that reduce blood pressure.
Secondary Hypertension: Some people have high blood pressure caused by an underlying condition. Secondary hypertension tends to come on suddenly and causes higher blood pressure than primary hypertension. Obstructive sleep apnea, kidney problems, adrenal gland tumors, thyroid problems, some congenital defects in blood vessels, certain medications, such as birth control pills, cold medicines, pain relievers, illegal drugs such as cocaine and amphetamines and alcohol are some causes of secondary hypertension.
In addition to knowing the two basic types of hypertension, it is also important to know about Gestational hypertension. It is a type of hypertension that occurs during pregnancy and also known as Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH).
Gestational hypertension can cause serious problems such as preeclampsia (pregnancy poisoning). Hypertension is seen in 6-8% of pregnancies. Gestational hypertension develops after the 20th week of pregnancy and ends after birth. If the gestational week is still early for delivery when hypertension is diagnosed, the mother should be taken to lie on the left side, salt should be restricted or given up totally, fluid intake should be intake.
In our centers, we follow all your blood tests for the health information of both you and your baby and we create your diet with our experts.
Finally, one of the most important things to know about your hypertension whether it is malignant or not. Malignant tension is a life-threatening high blood pressure characterized by an excessive rise in systolic and diastolic blood pressures, especially the sudden rise of diastolic pressure above 120 mm Hg. severe headache, optic papillae edema and retinal bleeding are some of the symptoms of malignant hypertension. If it is left untreated, progressive kidney failure left ventricular failure or cerebral hemorrhage may occur.